What is the nervous system?

​အောက်ဆုံးထိ ဆွဲကြည့်​​ပေးကြပါ ခင်ဗျာ

Your nervous system is your body’s command center. It’s made up of your brain, spinal cord and nerves. Your nervous system works by sending messages, or electrical signals, between your brain and all the other parts of your body. These signals tell you to breathe, move, speak and see, for example. Your nervous system keeps track of what’s going on inside and outside of your body and decides how to respond to any situation you’re in.

Your nervous system regulates complicated processes like thoughts and memory. It also plays an essential role in the things your body does without thinking, like blushing, sweating and blinking.


What does the nervous system do?

Your nervous system’s main function is to send messages from various parts of your body to your brain, and from your brain back out to your body to tell your body what to do. These messages regulate your:

  • Thoughts, memory, learning and feelings.
  • Movements (balance and coordination).
  • Senses (how your brain interprets what you see, hear, taste, touch and feel).
  • Wound healing.
  • Sleep.
  • Heartbeat and breathing patterns.
  • Response to stressful situations, including sweat production.
  • Digestion.
  • Body processes, such as puberty and aging.
  • How does the nervous system work?
  • Your nervous system uses nerve cells called neurons to send signals, or messages, all over your body. These electrical signals travel among your brain, skin, organs, glands and muscles.
  • The messages help you move your limbs and feel sensations, like pain. Your eyes, ears, tongue, nose and the nerves all over your body take in information about your environment. Then, nerves carry that data to and from your brain.
  • There are different types of neurons. Each type of neuron has a different job:
  • Motor neurons take signals from your brain and spinal cord to your muscles. They help you move. They also assist with breathing, swallowing and speaking.
  • Sensory neurons take information from your senses (what you see, touch, taste, etc.) to your brain.
  • Interneurons communicate between motor and sensory neurons. These neurons regulate your movement in response to sensory information (like moving away from a hot surface) and play a role in how you learn, think and remember.


What are the parts of the nervous system?

The nervous system has two main parts:

  • Central nervous system (CNS): Your brain and spinal cord make up your CNS. Your brain reads signals from your nerves to regulate how you think, move and feel.
  • Peripheral nervous system (PNS): Your PNS is made up of a network of nerves. The nerves branch out from your spinal cord. This system relays information from your brain and spinal cord to your organs, arms, legs, fingers and toes.

There are two parts to your peripheral nervous system:

  • The somatic nervous system guides your voluntary movements.
  • The autonomic nervous system regulates the activities you do without thinking about them (involuntary movements).

What does the nervous system look like?

Nerve cells (neurons) are the basis of your nervous system. There are 100 billion neurons in your brain. These cells connect throughout your entire body.

Imagine your nervous system as a tree. Your central nervous system is the trunk of the tree that contains your brain and spinal cord. The tree branches are your peripheral nervous system (nerves). The branches extend from the truck (brain and spinal cord) to reach all parts of your body.

Conditions and Disorders

What are common conditions or disorders that affect the nervous system?

There are many conditions that affect your nervous system. Some of the most common include:

  • Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Cancer.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Huntington’s disease.
  • Infection (meningitis).
  • Parkinson’s disease.
  • Stroke.
  • Traumatic brain injury.

What are common signs or symptoms of nervous system conditions?

Signs and symptoms of nervous system conditions vary by type but may include:

  • Movement and coordination changes.
  • Memory loss.
  • Pain, numbness or a pins and needles feeling.
  • Behavioral and mood changes.
  • Difficulty with thinking and reasoning.
  • Seizures.

20 Replies to “What is the nervous system?”

  1. The structure of the human body is quite peculiar.Thank you for the valuable knowledge articles.💜

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *